One strategy that a lot of people overlook is making sure a posted job is still active. This is especially important if you’re finding a job that’s been posted for more than two or three weeks. The last thing you want to do is spend time and effort applying for a job that’s 'nearly filled,' so here’s what I recommend: Contact an internal recruiter, talent acquisition person, or (if the company is small) an HR leader and simply say, ‘I just came across your posting for a [name of position]. My background aligns well and I’m very interested, but I noticed that the ad has been up for a few weeks. I wanted to make sure you’re still actively interviewing for this role?’ Assuming he or she is, making this call gives you an advantage: You’ve just forged a soft connection with someone on the inside of the organization and, if you play it right, she may just suggest that you forward your materials directly to her, which is a very good thing.